The first symptoms of depression are often times not clearly visible. Therefore a lot of people do not pay special attention to the symptoms, which makes it harder to diagnose depression. These are some of the most common depression symptoms:
Sadness and moodiness
Mostly sad, grouchy and moody throughout the day.
Anxiety and nervousness
Experiencing sudden bursts of anxiety and sadness, existential fear or (fear of the future), indefinite feeling of fear, alienation, absence and unwillingness to be in company of others.
Experiencing daily changes in energy levels can be a symptom of depression. Usually, depressive individuals have more energy in the evening hours.
Poor concentration and memory
Absent-mindedness, confusion and indecisiveness.
Having difficulty falling asleep or constant waking up during the night, waking up early in the morning, at least 2 hours before the usual time after which the person is no longer able to fall asleep again. Moreover, as a result of reduction in total sleep, many depressive people try sleeping during the day. Because of this, these people often feel bad in the morning, right after waking up. They are moody and cannot get out of bed.
These thoughts are often accompanied by excessive sense of guilt. These people worry too much about the past or current issues (obsessive thoughts). Also they question their behavior towards other people in the past and blame themselves for neglecting others, as well as for all the bad things that happened to them. Moreover, they feel hatred and disgust for themselves.
Feeling of loss
Feeling of failure, loss of reputation and money, feeling betrayed by loved ones or death of loved ones can lead to a feeling of inferiority, loss of self-esteem and self-confidence usually followed by a fear of abandonment and losing a close person.
There is a normal sense of loss, followed by sadness when one loses a close person, money, reputation, has health problems, etc. However, unlike the feeling of loss in depressive people, normal grieving processes are not accompanied by suicidal ideas or feelings of deep hopelessness, worthlessness and sadness. The feelings gradually disappear after a shorter or a longer period of time. For example, after the death of a close person, it usually takes a year for someone to get back to their psycho-physical balance and become able to resume a relatively normal way of life. So, if the grief and mourning prolongs and complicates in various ways, it may be a sign of depression.
Indifference and loss of interest
Having a difficulty to enjoy all or nearly all activities, the inability to laugh and achieve satisfaction in various areas of life as well as decrease of sexual desire.
Feeling Of Hopelessness And Helplessness
Ab intermittent condition of stupor, looking in one spot, lack of energy, speaking in a low voice (sometimes almost in a whisper).Frequent and violent mood swings, feeling of painful loneliness, even in the company of a loved one.
Poor Appetite Or Excessive Eating
Constant Feeling Of Fatigue
Rapid muscle fatigue, weakness and a feeling of disability for any kind of work or activity.
Every obligation seems hard. You feel pessimisticabout everything future related. Dejection, concern over unimportant things, hypersensitivity, crying, sighing.
Thinking How Worthless Life Is, About Death And Suicide
Thoughts occurring in about 60% of depressed individuals (often think of the reunion with their loved ones after death, or about their family’s reactions to their deaths and the like).
Instead of experiencing insomnia, some people tend to sleep excessively.
These symptoms can appear in different combinations. They could possibly indicate depression only lasting for more than two weeks.
There are people who notice these changes in themselves, but usually deny them initially, and recognize them after some time.Many neglect their symptoms, or associate them with certain traumatic events in their life. Sometimes depression may hide behind any physical interference.
There are people who deny their psychological symptoms, and complain only to physical symptoms, most commonly affecting their central nervous system, or their cardiovascular, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal system.
Symptoms including: lethargy, frequent headaches, increased heart rate, palpitations and heartbeat skipping, dry mouth, nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain and cramps, constipation, back pain, feeling of pressure or heaviness in chest, shaking and numbness in some parts of the body, most often in arms and legs.
People suffering from depression can also complain to other, under-defined physical health problems. Typically the cause for these health problems can’t be determined. Women often experience irregular menstrual cycles.
Individuals showing the first symptoms of depression can’t notice any changes themselves, but people around them can notice certain signs that indicate depression:
- The individual is usually silent and dejected.He moves slowly, responds to questions after a short break.The person is mostly quiet, monotonous, and often gives one-word answers.
- The individual neglects personal hygiene and appearance.
- He often has a stooped posture, is insomber mood, and has sad facial expressions.
There are many other symptoms that could indicate depression, apart from the previously mentioned symptoms. These include irritability, mood swings, restlessness, problems in school, truancy, antisocial behavior, promiscuity, poor hygiene, increased sensitivity to rejection and abuse of psychoactive substances.